Category:Plasma Scientific Journal

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GANS and Nano

The impact of CH3-GANS on the ph-level of tap water measured inside plasmatic fields, created by a plasma ball unit

by Klaus Priller, Herbert Bloder, S.P.    

Keywords: pH, water, alkalinity, plasma ball unit, PBU.

Published: October 2018.  

Laboratory studies were performed to determine whether CH3-GANS of different states of matter in spinning reactors in combination with other GANSes have the potential to increase the pH-value in a glass of tap water inside a dynamic system, called Plasma Ball Unit. As a result, it could be shown, that there is a strong impact of CH3 GANS on the pH-level. Depending on the physical state of the CH3-GANS, an increase in pH-level of up to 1.14 points in 24h could be measured. Several repetitions of the experiment underlined this result.


The plasma ball unit (PBU) is a device, invented by Mehran Tavakoli Keshe. The PBU mainly consists of several spheres (balls), which are mounted on motors (dynamic systems) and therefore rotate at a certain speed. Inside the balls, different types of GANSes in different physical states can be placed. The combination of above described dynamic systems creates a “plasmatic field”, which influences the matter inside these fields. In the current study, the influence of the fields of the PBU on tap water is the main focus.

GANS is a new state of matter, discovered by M.T. Keshe. It is the abbreviation for GAs to Nano of Solid. In this state of matter “a molecule of GAs which becomes Nano of itself […] becomes and appears as Solid state of matter” (Keshe, 2012, p. 144). As a result, GANS carries the field spectrum of a gas. This field spectrum affects both “physical material or the property of different matters” (Keshe, 2012, p. 148). The process of producing different types of GANS is well described by the Keshe Foundation and is not part of this paper. We were producing the GANSes as it is described by the Keshe Foundation. In this study, we focus on (1) GANS as precipitate in GANS-water and (2) GANS in a dry state.

Materials and Methods

In this study, we focus on a combination of the GANSes CO2, ZnO and CH3 in the aforementioned, two states of matter. The following experimental setup was introduced: 

Experimental constants where (1) the dynamic systems (rotating GANS-balls), filled with CO2 and ZnO precipitate in distilled water, (2) the distance between all dynamic systems used, (3) the rotation speed of all dynamic systems (4.800 rpm), (4) the source of water, (5) the temperature in the room and (6) the starting-time and the time-span of measurement.

The independent variable in the experiment was the dynamic system, filled with CH3 of the following states of matter: (1) CH3 precipitate in distilled water (4ml distilled water and 0,5ml settled precipitate), (2) Dry CH3 powder (2mg) and (3) Dry CH3 powder with an inner ball, filled with high gravitational gold GANS (2ml).

The dependent variable in the experiment was the pH-value of tap water in 4x100ml container, fixed on a carbon fiber holder in different positions. The starting pH-value was 6,6.

In Figure 1, you can see the experimental setup, the position of the dynamic systems, the position of the water container and the position of the sensors for measuring the pH-value and the temperature of the water.

Figure 1: Plasma Ball Unit (PBU).

As one can see in the experimental setup, there is no “physical” contact between the dynamic systems and the water inside the PBU.

As control variable, the holder, including 4 containers of the same tap water, was placed outside the PBU and the pH-level was measured the same way. The control variable is therefore the pH-level of the same tap water but placed outside the PBU.

To sum up the experimental setup, the independent variable (dynamic system with CH3) was changed 3 times and the impact on the depend variable (pH-value of tap water) was measured. Everything else (constants) remained the same.  This was controlled by the same tap water outside the PBU.

Measurement procedure

The depend variable was measured by a PCE-PHD Data Logger, applying a pH-electrode PE-03 and a temperature sensor. Before using, the pH-sensor was calibrated, using a certified pH7 calibration liquid:

Figure 2 shows the holder, which places the two sensors inside the water container. 

Figure 2: Location of the sensors.

Before a measurement, the PBU was switched off for 45 minutes. During this time, the water containers where filled and the sensors positioned. The experiment started at 2pm every day and lasted 24h.


In the first experimental setting, the CH3 system was filled with GANS-water and GANS precipitate. The results from the data-logger, shows a steady increase of the pH-value from 6.6 to 7.62 in the first 24h (Figure 3).

The curve has a slope of 0,0036 The curve seems to flatten at the end, so it can be assumed that the pH-level will increase but with a different slope. 

Figure 3: pH-level increase of GANS-water + precipitate filling.

In the second experimental setting, the CH3-System was filled with 5g dry GANS-powder. As a result, the analysis of the data shows, that the maximum pH-level after 24h is 7,72, the slope of the linear trendline is similar to experiment 1.

In Figure 4 the curve does not flatten at the end, therefore we can assume, that the pH-value increases by the same slope after 24h. 

Figure 4: pH-level increase of dry GANS filling.

The third experimental setting, where an additional gravitational inner ball was placed inside, showed nearly the same results as experiment 2, the maximum pH-level after 24h is 7,74, as depicted in Figure 5.

Figure 5: pH-level increase of dry GANS filling with inner gravitational (Gold-GANS) ball.

After 48h, the pH-level was measured again, and it showed a value of 8,30.

The experiment shows that the pH-level of tap water can be influenced by placing it within plasma fields, created by rotating dynamic systems. Figure 6 shows all three curves of experiment setups 1, 2 and 3 above each other: 

Figure 6: pH-level increase of experiment 1, 2 and 3.

Although all three curves are very similar, the first experimental setting reaches the lowest pH-level and the curve seems to flatten at the end. During the first hours in the PBU, we can observe, that there is a drop in the pH-level of experimental setting 1 in the first 30 minutes. The other settings have similar growth during the same time - as compared in Figure 7.

Figure 7: pH-level in the first hours.

As there is no physical contact, this influence is attributed to the fields created by the dynamic systems. Therefore, it can be shown, that the fields, created by GANS-reactors, influence matter. Further research will be conducted by changing the different GANS ratios in the dynamic systems.

The human body consists mostly of water.  There are different pH-values in different parts of the body. As the plasma fields have no barriers, they will flow through the human body and will, most probably affect the pH-value of the human body too. Further research needs to be completed in this topic.



Keshe, M.T. (2012). The Structure of the Light. Second Edition. Stichting the Keshe Foundation: Netherlands.

Making Plasmatic Fields Visible and Measurable

by Christian Böttgenbach, Student at KF SSI Education, Feb 2018  

Text also available in German.

Keywords: measuring GANS, differentiating between GANSes, field strength.

Published: July 2018.


This is the description of a method to make visible, compare and measure plasmatic (MaGrav) fields, as requested by the Keshe Foundation. It is an ongoing study, the results encourage me to share the method used and some of the results at this early stage. I want to set up a database to be able to show, determine and measure the plasmatic fields of GaNS. I use a method of creating rising pictures through a capillary-dynamic process, that has been developed by W. Hacheney.


Any sample will release its fields with help of water into a suitable filtering paper during a capillary-dynamic process. This happens, because the fields can create micro-motion in matter state fluids, if the fluids are in an open state of matter, GaNS-like. Usually we do not see this motion created by fields, but when absorbed instead of pressed, fluids, especially waters, will freely release the fields they are carrying, in shape of micro-motion, to another medium. In this special setup this motion of the water is being braked, when it is absorbed through capillary diameters of 2 micron or less. We use metal salts to colour this otherwise invisible process. The metal salts are released, where the micro-motion slows down, giving us an exact copy of the field-induced motion of the carrier, the water.


Wilfried Hacheney developed and used this method to determine morphology and powers (MaGrav fields) behind the substances he has been working with as an engineer. He made about 150.000 images this way. I was taught by him how to create and analyze the resulting images. His invention corresponds to earlier developments by E. Pfeiffer, W. Kaelin, L. Kolisko and others, going back to hints by R. Steiner about 100 years ago. A more recent dissertation by Aneta Zalecka (Uni Kassel, 2006) reveals, that even the older methods of creating rising pictures are valid scientific methods, concerning comparability and evaluation of the quality of food. We met her in her lab to watch her work and discuss results.


Kaelin Petri Dish
Kaelin Petri Dish

- Get Kaelin petri dishes (amorphous glass) with a rise in the middle, for the fluids to gather in a ring close to the outer rim. They can be bought at “Forschungsring Darmstadt e.V.” in Germany.

- Buy argentum nitricum (2%) and ferrum sulfuricum (2%) as well as a pipette and small bottles with pipettes for dispensation of equally sized drops. You can probably get that at your local pharmacy.

- Have gloves ready, otherwise you might create an image of your DNA. I use simple disposable latex gloves. 

- Find suitable filtering paper. I use a special paper, 100 gr/m2, ca. 200 micrometer thickness, with an opening of 2 micrometer or less. My paper had been developed by Mr. Hacheney, until now I did not find anything matching its quality. I am working on that with Hahnemuehle, one of the most renowned producers of filtering and technical papers. The paper is the most important ingredient for the creation of these images. Without the right paper you might still get some pictures, but no clear, measurable shapes and relations. Blotting paper and orthochromatic paper will not work sufficiently.

- Use neutral water, it is needed as a reference and a carrier substance. All fields carried with the water will influence the images. Keep magnets, crystals and all “water-guru” stuff away from it. I use distilled water and additionally I try to bring it into the best state to be able to transfer the fields into the filtering paper. Our breath can teach us there: 

The water droplets in our breath are about 2 micron in size, creating a huge surface of about 300.000 m2 per liter. This way the fields can easily be taken over by the water. I use a “levitation device” to move the water very fast ( 6x speed of sound), without pressure, into a special shape, to open it up into these small droplets. Existing fields carried by the water are being erased during that process. The water will be in the same state, have the same “inner surface” (if you add the surfaces of the micro droplets), as we have in our breath. Of course, you can do without that machinery. I just explain it to add to the knowledge and to offer an idea, what your soul might wish, when preparing the water. Cooking also helps to increase the inner surface of water and to erase some fields.

- A scanner would be handy to document the results. I scan the images with 2400 dpi, raw format and without backlight. It would be better to use a backlight to also acquire the faint shapes below the surface of the image.

No image processing at scan time recommended. Some software like “riot” to resize the images and “ImageJ” for filters, measurement and evaluation might be helpful afterwards, both are free

Method of creation (W.Hacheney)
Method of creation (W.Hacheney)

- Create an environment with little disturbances from all kinds of fields and radiation, including direct light, because they might influence the process. The results are also slightly influenced by the fields of daytime, earth, phase of the moon, planets and stars. For best results, 20° Celsius and 50-60% humidity are preferable. Small deviations might result in slight changes of size and colour but you will still create a useful image.

- Cut the filtering paper into sheets of 167 by 167 mm. Then make an extra cut, 25 mm from one of the borders. Bend the paper to a tube and bend the extra snippet away or cut it off, like I did on the picture. Attach a stainless paperclip to keep the paper in shape. If you use something else than a Kaelin petri dish, check the size of the paper you need beforehand.

- As it is a sensitive process and we have the same fields within ourselves, that we are creating images of, be aware of your emanations. It would be advisable to be in a balanced mood.

- Label the paper with the sample used and date of creation. Place the clean Kaelin petri dish, dispense up to 3 drops of GaNS Liquid (depending on the material to be tested) into the ring and add 4 drops of water. I use distilled and levitated water for neutral and powerful results. It might be necessary to create images of your water also, as a reference. Actually, you can examine anything this way, be it

fluids like blood (use only one drop of blood), saliva, juices from plants or hard materials or even emotions, if you add them to a fluid like water.

- Then place a suitable filtering paper, prebent to a tube, into that dish, so that it absorbs the liquid at the bottom. The orientation of the gap should be to the north.

- After about 20 minutes add 4 drops of silver nitrate solution (2%) and 3 drops of distilled water and put the paper back into the petri dish. Always check the orientation.

- After another 20 minutes add 3 drops of ferrum sulfuricum (2%) and 4 drops of water, same procedure.

- After 20 minutes again, add 2.5 ml of the water (preferably distilled and levitated) and then let it dry for about 12 hours. Remember to keep the image protected from direct light until it is dry.

- Then give it some light, diffuse daylight is fine, for development of the colours, for about one day. If you are testing other substances, it may take several days to develop them. Although sulfur stops the development of the silver, the pictures may become a little darker and loose some sharpness over time. Images may also change over time according to the state of the origin of the sample. I scan them, when they are ready.

Methods of observation

The best way to observe the results would be a light box, because when observing just the surface of the paper, some faint structures will remain hidden. Placing images on a window (daylight) works very well, too. Otherwise you might want to use scans of the image, which allows to enlarge them easily. I got a special pair of compasses (Relationalzirkel) from Mr. Hacheney. He told me to pay attention to all shapes and compare their relations to each other with it. It is also possible to measure and compare everything else, the most easy thing to start with is the height of the images. All GaNS images I created until now, show a different height, depending on the GaNS used as a sample. CH3 images build up about 10% higher than CuO2 images. The most important element of all observation is unbiased perception. Do take your time to repetitively watch an image without any assumptions, until it starts to reveal its secrets. The more images you have seen, the faster and easier important correlations can be found. Gain experience, reading the pictures really is an imaginative process.

The main reason to choose this method is its exactness, you can literally see everything in these images, if you have learned to read them. I am still at the beginning but would like to mention an example of exactness, that I experienced with Mr. Hacheney: When I gave him an image of my saliva, he looked at it briefly and told me that i have got two dead teeth. I only knew of one and I could not even see specific teeth in the image then. The other day I went to a dentist and it turned out that he was right. But it was far more, what he told me about my teeth, about certain weaknesses and strengths, what will happen to them and how to bring balance and health to them. What he could read out of an image of my blood, was even more astonishing, because he could see very specific things, that where going to happen in future. This is not a miracle, because every process initially occurs in the fields, before it manifests in matter state. Knowledge seekers know that anyway.

As a child, I was in a lucky situation, like Mr. Keshe, having a father that was dealing (literally) with X-ray films. My father also sometimes had to teach physicians how to read their images and he showed some at home. Also I studied eurythmy, which helps me now to understand the characteristics and qualities of the movements of the fields, which we can see in the rising pictures. Everyone has his own background, even more so it is desirable to find some kind of classification and standardization for this process, so we can compare, determine, practice and understand, wherever we are.

Basic classification

I created several series of images of CO2+ZnO, CuO2 and CH3 GaNS. I will only show one of them, all 3 images were created simultaneously. Before we can compare them, we have to find a rough classification. Enlarge the pictures and perceive them. Take your time!


The images contain several obvious elements:

- A brownish upper horizon with a special thickness, amplitude, curvature and intensity.

A second, blurred, grayish horizon, with clear differences in thickness and intensity, interrupted by vertical cylindrical pipe shapes.

- The pipes themselves, they seem to be 3-dimensional, at least. They strongly differ in many aspects, depending on the GaNS Liquid used as sample.

A closer look will reveal many more elements. Directions, relative angels, rotations, opacity, convexity and concavity as well as repetitions, sizes and amplitude can be taken as separate elements. This work is still in its initial stage. We will continue with a simple examination of the upper horizon and the pipes.

Short examination with details of images

Look at the brownish horizon. This sample shows an astonishing horizon there, because it has a lot of twin hills, and also alternately bigger and smaller hills. At some places, this horizon seems to fade away from below.
Many of the pipes show up in pairs that seem to correlate.

They regularly touch the upper horizon. Some of the darker pipes stay open at their top, where they touch the brownish horizon. Some of the single, thin and less coloured pipes seem to prick the horizon with their thin peaks.

Here we find an irregular-shaped, rather thick horizon, with hills pointing into different directions and deep, in part narrow valleys. Below it there is a very faintly colored region.
The pipes are mainly closed quite flatly at their almost colourless top, way below the brownish horizon. They are rather short and weak, unable to push through the greyish, weak belt. In many cases the colour surrounding the pipes seems to be stronger than the border of the pipes themselves. The detail images can be enlarged CH3
Here the brownish horizon is being superceeded by the pipes from below. It is strong but not independent, rather irregular and with a low amplitude. Observing the meandering grey lines from below shows an otherwise hidden structure that may help us to understand, how the brownish horizon is being created in general.
Now these are many, big, strong and dark pipes. None of them ends at the brownish horizon or below, instead, they all stay open at their top. We can see some brownish color in the greyish layer here. Look at the structures surrounding the pipes and branching out of them. Try to imagine direction, rotation and energy of the fields at the point of creating the image.

Comparing the results

Comparing the images will give us insight into the possibilities of rising pictures in general and it might also help to understand the characteristics of specific plasmatic fields. The first impression I want to mention here is the (at least) twofold character of the CO2/ZnO image, which can be observed in particular there. Until I have pictures of clean CO2 and ZnO apart from each other, I have a presumption: I believe, that we can see the single components of the fields of at least CO2 and ZnO there, although we learned from Mr. Keshe, that the resulting fields become a single entity. I expect, that this method allows the analysis of the combined fields and the strength, quality and even percentage of its components.

When comparing this CO2/ZnO image with the CuO2 image, we can clearly see a difference in field strength. The CuO2 image seems to be attached to the ground, probably due to more gravitational fields, compared to the environment. This would underline the importance of neutral water, that we use as a carrier. I tried to make images, where I replaced all water with the GaNS Liquid of the sample. The resulting images still allow a recognition of the kind of GaNS used, but are by far less significant. When comparing the CuO2 image with the CH3 one, we see the greatest difference between all images shown so far. The image shows a strong push upwards, or is it sucked upwards? Or even coming down from above? What do you feel about that? Some of the pipes seem to open up, becoming wider at their top. CH3 we characterize as a giver of energy and it is known to be an Magnetical GaNS. It seems that my GaNS meets this description. More tests with same kinds of GaNS from different sources have to be done.


Special observations

There is a strange component at the right rim of the CH3 image, that does not seem to fit in there. Look at this strange Pipe with that little finger with fingernail in it. Something like this did not repeat in any of my images of GaNS. Still this did not happen accidentally. Look at the bottom of the picture section, two impurities can be found there. They had been on the paper before, and I do not know, what they consist of. When we really learn to read the images, we will know. I placed that here to demonstrate the exactness and beauty of the conversion of any plasmatic field into a picture.

To the right, we see a detail from the center of the CO2/ZnO image. I am stunned every time I look at that shape. Can you follow the tender movement of the semitransparent veil, do you feel the harmony of it, can you see the picture of a madonna with her child? How many dimensions does it reveal? Let it talk to your soul!

A surprise  

While watching the GaNS images, I had to think of amino-acids and that Mr. Keshe taught us, that they form the most beautiful star formations. This is what happened when I created an image of my ZnO amino-acid:


Above: Faint suns in the brownish horizon and below in the grey region.

Below: When really zooming into that same image, these structures appear. None of the GaNS images contain anything alike: Lots of little star-formations!


Special observations

When I saw this, I knew it is time to come forward and share, what I found


Although still at the very beginning, I believe to have found a valuable method to make plasmatic fields visible, comparable and even measurable. In contrast to other methods like crystallization, nothing is forced here, the fields release themselves freely, as if they want to teach us. There is a lot of work to be done. Many images, more classification, measurements and many comparisons have to be performed to add to our knowledge. The method is flexible, low cost, significant and very powerful. It has the potential to become a standardized evaluation instrument for GaNS and plasmatic fields. I will call it “Plasma imaging”, unless otherwise advised by Keshe Foundation.


All references refer to older methods of capillar dynamolysis or rising pictures, except the audio recording from W. Hacheney. The older methods are more sensitive to disturbances and give less exact but still sometimes very beautiful results.

Wilfried Hacheney, 13.3.1924 – 20.4.2010. Some of his works: Organische Physik. Aufsätze, Michaels-Verlag (Dezember 2001) 

Der Weg – Der Mensch vom Geschöpf zum Schöpfer Wasser, Wesen zweier Welten. Michaels-Verlag (Dezember 2003)

Audio recording on “rising pictures” 2004/09/10, Kassel

You may also want to do a research on his patents here:

Friedrich Hacheney, Hyper-Wasser: Wasserenergetisierung nach Hacheney, 2014

(Wilfrieds son) Levitiertes Wasser in Forschung und Anwendung, 1994

Recent scientific works:


koliskos-agriculture-of-tomorrow-pt-2/ (Meaningful references can also be found here)


Health application of plasma technology: Magravs Mini Coils

by Barbu Constantin

Keywords: nano copper, knee pain, shoulder pain, portable health unit.

Published: October 2018.  


This paper describes the application of Magravs mini coils in processing pain. In June 2018, researchers from the Plasma Romania Scientific Association had the intention to miniaturize the health applications for Magravs technology. The resulting devices were used by two participants to process knee and shoulder pain. The results of these applications are presented herein. 


Coils were prepared with 1.5 mm diameter copper wire. Both inner and outer coils were twisted 29 times, counter clockwise. The connections were made according to the publicly available model of the Keshe Foundation's Plasma Coil Unit (Keshe Foundation 2018). After making the connections, the gas burner Nano-coating method was used 3 times over the copper coils, which were then immediately immersed in separate containers containing different solutions of three GANSes (CH3, CO2 and ZnO), where the second container had double the volume of the solution.  The coils were left in the plastic boxes for two days to absorb the GANS fields and then subsequently were taken out of the solution to dry. The whole procedure is depicted in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Preparation of the Magravs mini coils.

First container:

  • 50% CH3
  • 30% CO2
  • 20% ZnO

Second container:

  • 20% CH3
  • 50% CO2
  • 30% ZnO


Knee pain: the coils were applied together with plasma patches soaked with 20% CH3, 40% CO2, and 40% ZnO plasma waters, where one of the patches had double the amount of plasma water solution than the other.
Figure 2. Processing knee pain with plasma water patches and mini coils. 
Shoulder pain: the coils were applied directly on the pain area of the shoulder (front and back). The participant was asked to apply it 3 times a day for 15min. 
Figure 3. Processing shoulder pain with mini coils.


Knee pain: "I had a few days when I could not keep the Magravs coils. There were days when I used it a lot - about 4-5 hours continues. Plasma water with of CO2 + ZnO + CH3 GANSes always helped me. But when I was putting the mini coils, it started a deafening pain and so I took them down.”. After 4-5 days of applying the mini coils for several hours a day, due to increasing pain, the participant was advised to reduce the processing to 3 x 15min a day.


Shoulder pain: A 15-minute processing was advised 3 times a day, but during the first application the participant felt asleep for 45 minutes while applying the mini coils to the area of pain. The pain went away and no further processing were needed.


Knee pain: "Since yesterday evening I do not have any pain when I put it. Processing of the knee pain took 9 days."

Shoulder pain: "I got these 2 Magravs coil devices in August 2018 because I had shoulder pain. He told me to keep them for 15 minutes. 3 times a day, but I fell asleep with them for 45 minutes. At the awakening, I could not believe that I had no pain. It is amazing."


Thanks to the Keshe Foundation Experience with Plasma Romania Scientific Association 


Keshe Foundation. 2018. Plasma Coil Unit. Accessed September 24, 2018. 

Original submission (text and pictures) here:[0]=68.ARDKXiDyhWPnGJi0CsDECGpCjBJ1h6SISlA7uiYt1Q6JpxhEMzRIrfu65iZZiNABdrJ_us9LxmjSBA5wHhzrFSUPF7jEDp5fHM_KgpWnBq-ZzYZW5k2kpKo_usW6kGwDtfQXIZZ7QZJbVC9RH_FdPq9DFZQQCPYpQUwo14T0y8ARSYo1oPKhQA&__tn__=-UC-R

Applications of plasma technology: Diabetes

by KF China

Keywords: diabetes, high blood pressure, diabetic eye, oculomotor nerve palsy, pancreas, diabetic foot.

Published: October 2018.  


Diabetes is a long-term condition which in the recent years became a global problem. According to the WHO (World Health Organization 2016), the number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014 and hence the global prevalence of diabetes among adults over 18 years of age has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. In 2015, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose in 2012. Possible complications include heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, leg amputation, vision loss and nerve damage. In pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of fetal death and other complications.

The primary function of pancreas is to regulate sugar levels in blood. Diabetic condition manifests when pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, or the body cannot use insulin properly. Applying GANS water externally and internally restores pancreas and what follows the entire body back to balance. Hence in case of the subject presented herein, the processing of diabetes involved drinking GANS water and spraying the affected eye and the pancreas area with CO2 GANS water.


This paper documents processing of a diabetes condition. This existing diabetes condition consequently led to the development of two other conditions, namely diabetic foot and oculomotor nerve palsy. The subject is a 53 years old male, diagnosed with hepatitis B and a history of 15 years of high blood pressure - up to 230 / 190mm Hg. After 15 years of diabetes mellitus, metformin was administered, with fasting blood glucose levels at 10 mmol, and postprandial glucose at 18 mmol. The father of the subject had a history of diabetic foot and had his limb amputated. 

Figure 1. Diabetic foot on admission to hospital (February 2018).
Figure 2. Oculomotor nerve palsy – eye fully shut (May 2018).

The subject was admitted to hospital in February 2018 for diabetic foot – pictures of the foot in Figure 1.  He reported a slight improvement after receiving the treatment, but the problem remained. In April 2018, muscle and nerve problems in the eyeball were diagnosed by doctors as a result of diabetes. He visited several hospitals but without any improvements. Finally, in May 2018 ended up hospitalized for the oculomotor nerve palsy. In the early stages of the eye condition the subject was able to open his eye only in 1/3,

no matter how hard he tried and in the later stages it got fully closed. None of the hospital treatment he was subjected to helped in any way. Figure 2 depicts the condition of the eye before processing it with plasma.


Processing of the diabetes involved drinking GANS water and spraying both, the area of the eye and pancreas with CO2 GANS water. 


Oral administration of the GANS water involved drinking CH3, CO2 and ZnO GANS waters, one after another, with 3 minutes break in between at the following times and in the given amounts.

In the first week of processing:

  • Morning: 30ml CH3, 30ml CO2, 30ml ZnO.
  • Lunchtime: 30ml CH3, 30ml CO2, 30ml ZnO.
  • Evening: 30ml CH3, 30ml CO2, 60ml ZnO.

Subsequent weeks:

  • Morning: 30ml CH3, 30ml CO2.
  • Lunchtime: 30ml CO2.
  • Evening: 30ml CO2, 60ml ZnO.

Spraying of the eye and pancreas areas was done several times per day.


From the start of the process, there were signs of sugar decrease, especially after consumption of carbohydrates, where previously it took a few days for the sugar level to lower. Now within few hours after drinking GANS water, the blood sugar reaches to normal levels. But because of the frequent business trips, habits such as drinking and eating irregularly, and occasionally drinking alcohol, influenced the processing, therefore the monitored blood sugar and blood pressure values were affected. 


Since the beginning of the processing the subject stopped taking any diabetes medication. His blood sugar levels dropped down. At the time of writing this publication when the subject does not consume carbohydrates, his blood sugar levels are still slightly above the recommended norms for a person without diabetes but within the values recommended for diabetics. The fasting blood sugar level (measured just before dinner) is 5.6 mmol/L and two hours after meal is 9 mmol/L. On a diet including carbohydrates, these values go up to 8 and 14 mmol/L, respectively. The recommended sugar values are captured in the table below.

Fasting  Normal for person without diabetes 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L)  Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes 80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2 mmol/L)  2 hours after meals  Normal for person without diabetes Less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L)  Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes Less than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L)
Table 1: Blood sugar chart (Diabetes self-management 2018).

Over the six weeks period, the subject improved significantly but still needs to control the consumption of carbohydrates. He still drinks GANS waters, following the processing steps and further results will be reported on in the future. 

Diabetic foot
Figure 3. Diabetic foot after 6 weeks of processing with plasma technology.

The 53 years old man reported that the diabetic foot had improved significantly during processing with plasma technology. The wound was almost completely recovered. Pictures in Figure 3 were taken 6 weeks after the beginning of the processing. 

Oculomotor nerve palsy

Six weeks since the beginning of the processing the subject was also able to open, for the first time, his affected eye again. Below, in the Figure 4, is a picture of the him trying to open his eyes after 6 weeks of processing (left). Although the subject could open his eye, since the right eye was not used for a long time, the optical nerves degenerated, and he was still accustomed to the situation of the eye closed. A week later, he received the processing protocol with GANS patches to restore the optical nerves in the head and eyes. Within 5 minutes, the visual clarity of the subject's response increased from 70% to 95%. Next (right) is a picture taken at the end of the processing.

Figure 4. The 53 years old man trying to open his eye after 6 weeks of treatment (left) and after additional processing for the double vision (right).


  1. World Health Organization. 2016. Global report on diabetes. World Health Organization.
  2. Diabetes self-management. 2018. Blood sugar chart.

Supplementary Materials

Hospital records
Discharge report
Blood sugar and blood pressure tracking charts

ALS - A Death Wish That Comes True

This paper was written and published by Mehran Tavakoli Keshe, founder of the Keshe Foundation, on 25.9.2013. 
Keywords: separation of souls, death, physical damage, reversal. Published: August 2018.
[…] With the release of this paper Stichting the Keshe Foundation for the first time in its history opens the doors of its research to the public for a glimpse into one of its most closely guarded research programs. […]
We have developed the health section of our spaceship program because we believe the spacecraft of the future will not be able to carry all the medicines and doctors of every discipline required to cover all aspects of the health needs of people in long-haul deep space travels. In order to meet every eventual medical need there would be more medicine than food and more doctors than passengers on board these craft. 

An insight into the principles by which the Keshe Foundation designs and operates its body resetting systems 

In our work we consider the plasmatic structure of the elements and the interaction of the Magnetical and gravitational fields of these elements in the human body. We consider not only the physical method of connection and communication between different parts of the body, but we look at the invisible connection and interactions of magnetic fields and gravitational fields of the matters of the elements or organs in the body relative to each other. This invisible but real interaction of different parts of the body 

is one reason why the world of medicine has such a hard time at present curing most ailments. 

We consider the human body to be like a galaxy in the universe, with all its physical entities and the hidden and invisible interactions and connections of its magnetic and gravitational fields (Magravs) forces. In a galaxy there are visible stars and planets and at the same time these have invisible Magravs connections between all their parts and with each other. […] 

New fundamental criteria used in application to health […]

From our research we can with confidence state that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a reversible condition, if it is discovered at the right time and handled in the right way by a competent team of physicians. In view of our development of plasma technology and its applications, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis should no longer be a death sentence handed out by doctors, who tell their patients in the same breath that there is nothing that can be done to save their life as the present world of science has no cure for this killing disease. The present medical world cannot explain the origin of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or what triggers this process in the human body. […]

We have been striving to understand why the body puts itself through this horrendous process of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis that brings about its death. We see this as one of the illnesses most likely to occur in space when people are away from home and unknowingly can trigger such a process through depression or loneliness during long periods of being away from loved ones. 

For the process to start, it requires two psychological trigger points during the life of the patient. One such event may take place in the early years or in the teenager phase and then for the illness to show itself outwardly, a second trigger point is needed. This can take place in the early twenties or in later years, causing the recurrence of the same feeling as in the first trigger point. […]

The point that has not been understood up to now is that most carbons are of diamond structure and the information received by the carbon through a given channel for a matter of a microsecond changes the characteristic of the carbon structure of the amino acid to given resistor strength level or to a given carbon structure of graphite atomic form as the carbon needs to be for a given current level of the information received from the brain for given retraction or reflex. In This process causes the potassium of the electro-motoric junction valve to be changed into insulating mode or disconnection mode, keeping the insulator crystal structure. […]

In the case of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis for example in the electro-motoric junction of the fibres, both the lines of the electric and the emotional fields operate simultaneously, with the potassium functioning to contract the fibre while the sodium process retracts or opens the fibre, which needs the lesser force. In the motoric operation, the potassium releases stronger fields and so it commands a stronger and longer contraction, as when a man needs to hold onto a bar to save himself from falling, while to open the same fingers the muscles use partly the reflex and partly a small amount of energy to allow the fibre to relax, which is done by the sodium magnetic field release. […]

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is not the work of one doctor; it needs a good dedicated team of physicians, psychologists, nutritionist, kinesiologist and neuro-tissue specialist to be there in every stage of development of the process and progress with the patient. Reversing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multiple sclerosis requires a caring and dedicated team if the case is to be successful in all aspects. […]

Wisdom gained 

From our research into the cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis over the years and our understanding of how this process starts in the human body, we have called this illness the death wish that comes true. The affected person has unknowingly through two different but similar emotional situations in two different stages 

of their lives wished they were dead, and then when their wish comes true they have to complete their unconscious desire through such a traumatically slow and painful death. The patient himself triggers the physical death-code of his own body.  [..]

In all aspect of physics and the world of science man always has looked for the physical connection between the parts of the human body and has forgotten or never understood that as the human body is made of the plasma of protons and electrons and plasmas of all the atoms in the molecules of amino acid, these plasmas irradiate Magravs and receive Magravs of other cells, so they do not need a physical connection to interact 

and affect each other's performance.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

The process starts by the person wishing to be dead, and progresses through paralysis and silence to eventual death. Now with the new plasma technology developed by the Keshe Foundation and as we have seen with this case and a number of other cases around the world we can say with confidence: 
"We have enough knowledge now to start to reverse the process of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the human body psychologically, and then the body will reverse the physical damage by itself. "

On behalf of the Keshe Foundation M T Keshe 

Director of Stichting the Keshe Foundation 

Spaceship technology in the service of humanity 

The complete published article can be found at the following link:

Space Technology


Gravitational-Magnetic Battery


Keywords: plasma battery, electronics, school, Romania.

Published: August 2018.


Gravitational Magnetic Battery, made by D. I., fifth grade schoolboy at I.D, Sirbu of Petrila, Hunedoara county, Romania. Presented at the Minitehnicus County Contest, organized at the Children's Club in Petrosani on 9 June 2018.


Method: Copper wire 2,5 mm nanocoated with flame 4 times. 

GANS used: 

10 ml GANS mix - 40% CH3, 18% CO2, 18% ZnO, 18% CuO. 


Classic GANS made with led connection and nano coils covered by the flame method and 10% salts.



We used a 9 cm nanocoated copper wire that was rolled over a paper towel that had a mix of GANS. I wrapped the paper napkin with an aluminum foil in the kitchen of 28 cm long and the width of 7, to which I bent 1 cm (from the end). Aluminum overwrap was 9 turns in anti-clockwise direction with 2 cm zinc wire springs.


This battery was tested at the Minitehnicus contest in date 9 June 2018 in Petrosani city, Romania.


After this plasma battery was developed, a procedure to improve the result was found by replacing the paper briefcase with cotton disks used for women's cleanser. 


The Minitehnicus contest measured the battery with a multimeter, and the registered value was 0.64 Volti. The responsible student received the diploma of the 1st place.


We mention that D. I. requested to be educated with the information from the plasma science and participated in the theoretical and practical workshops that were made by the members of Plasma Hunedoara Study Group, the Local Laboratory in Petrila, coordinated by Giani Marin Boia and Pelacaci Georgeta Emilia, who are preparing 3 high school persons for Vietnamese lab competitions, along with Physics teacher Cindea Nicoleta from Constantin Brancusi Technical College in Petrila. This project is carried out in collaboration between the "Constantin Brancusi" Technical College in Petrila, with the support of the Plasma Romania Scientific Association and the Keshe Romania Association, and National Institute for Research Development for Mining Security and Explosive Protection. Thank you, Mr. Keshe.




Efficient Water Purification System Using GANS

by Mosfeq Rashid

Keywords: water decontamination, drinking water, CuO GANS, GANS ball.

Published: November 2018.


The CuO2 GANS based water purification system presented in this report extends the results of experiments conducted in Ghana[1]. The goal is to create an efficient water purification system which is easy to use even under an adverse condition with limited understanding of Plasma Science and Technology. This study was conducted in Bangladesh, where the consumption of contaminated water often leads to many bacteria- and virus-based conditions and stomach problems.


The approach is to create a method to easily purify water using GANS material without directly handling it. It is particularly relevant where the sufficient expertise of GANS has yet to develop and/or urgency of the situation demands an easily manageable implementation.

Portability can become an important consideration under such circumstances.

The results from Ghana indicate that the CuO2 GANS is very effective in dealing with bacteria, viruses, various organic and metallic impurities.

Figure 1. The spherical GANS containment unit.


We use a small glass sphere (about the size of a ping-pong ball, as in Figure 1) with a very small amount of CuO2 GANS in it. The ball hangs from the top on a thin, Nanocoated copper wire, inside an 18-liter container (Figure 2).  The container has a tap at 70% mark from the top of it. The water available from city water supply is first poured in the bucket.  

The water is ready for consumption after letting the water sit for 12 to 24 hours for the CuO2 field operation and sedimentation to take effect. The tap on the bucket can then be used to get the purified water out. Given the impurity level of the water in the locality, the bucket is cleaned after an interval of 3 to 4 months. 

Similar to direct contact CuO2. the situation, the presence of sediments does not impact the taste of the water because the sphere with GANS maintains the field.

One of the important aspects of this design is that the ball can be used as a separate reusable unit. A 42mm ball is portable and the user need not to have any knowledge of GANS or plasma field operation to use it. Just ball alone is an independent aspect of this approach. The spherical shape is not essential and other types of glass containers can be used where such glass spheres are unavailable.

Figure 2. The complete assembled water purification unit.

The baseline for this observation is the use of pure GANS without any containment to purify the water. In addition to the glass sphere, plastic containers were also tested to see the change in water taste. We decided to go with glass sphere after a month of observation to ascertain any of the five people detected any change in the taste of the water. The plastic versions of the balls used were not as effective in terms of plasma field transparency. Our experience in other areas of plasma science applications also indicated that glass is much superior to other materials. In fact, we were unable to detect any difference in water’s taste when in direct contact with GANS and GANS in glass containment. The results are based on the observation of five people over a period of one month.

Our usual approach is to use tap water as the starting point. After purification, the water acquires a sweet taste to it, which is similar to good spring water. It tastes significantly better than any bottled water one can obtain from any of the local markets. We have discovered a surprising aspect of this process: the purified water from one of the major river tastes tangibly better than purified tap water, although the taste of river water is much worse than tap water at the beginning.


This approach has been in use for over a year using the same ball and the number of people using and remarking on the taste of the water is now in the range of several thousand.


[1] 114th Knowledge Seekers Workshop: GANS plasma-based water purification at Ghana Water Research Institute,

Fukushima Decontamination Solution as a Gift for Humanity

This publication is only an excerpt. The entire document can be purchased at the following link:    

Keywords: radiation, nuclear, environmental contamination, Japan.

Published: September 2018.  


The origin of this paper is based on the first video, which were released by the Keshe Foundation about how simply the radiation and the radioactive contamination in the farms and the environment around the disaster zone of the Fukushima area was shown to be decontaminated, by the use of new materials developed by the M. T. Keshe.

This, after the tsunami of the 2011, after three years can be resolved, simply by the use of basic materials, farmers on their own and by the community can clean up the environment, rather than with the help of the governmental organizations.

The video is available at:


One of our Knowledge seekers performed a series of experiments with decontamination of radioactive materials using procedures developed by Keshe Foundation and materials prepared by us in its Spaceship Institute in Italy. We were connected with and helping her during this experiments over Skype calls. Gamma ray detectors were used. These shortcuts are used for physical quantities:

• A [Bq] … radioactivity, counts of decayed particles per second

• S [Bq / kg] … specific radioactivity, radioactivity per unit weight

Measured values in ( ) brackets are under measurable threshold of the detectors.

Numbers in [ ] brackets refer to attached measurements.

Experiment in food assurance company in Fukushima Region

Sample 1, March 29, 2014

Contaminated radioactive soil from a rice field.

The soil in a box was soaked with well water (Table 1) and few drops of detergent (to allow better release of radioactive elements into the water) and stirred well (Figure 1). 

The water from the top of the box was poured into a test container so that most of the soil sediments were kept in the box. 

Half of the water from the test container was poured into another test container to remove more soil sediments to get initial water (Table 1).


Part of initial water was treated with cylinder filter with nano layered Copper wires (Table 2) while well water was added to make the filtering simpler (Figure 2-4).


The rest of initial water was treated with Copper compounds material in GANS state. (Table 2, Figure 5). Both previous treated water samples were put together to final mixture (Table 3, Chart 1, Figure 6). Last measured decrease in radioactivity of Cs was 33% relative to initial value. Video recording of this experiment is available at:


Sample 2, March 31 – April 3, 2014

Contaminated radioactive water extracted from a rice field soil with the help of iron […]

Experiment in NPO in Fukushima city

Sample 1, March 30, 2014

Contaminated radioactive soil from a roof gutter […]

Sample 2

Contaminated radioactive water […]

Experiments Summary

Over the measured period of time, all methods showed decreased values of radioactivity in the samples. This decrease was caused by direct transformations of the radioactive material and not by separating the radioactive material by any method of absorption out of the samples (except the cases with nanolayer filters of course). These experimental verifications of the decontamination technology have to be further developed in cooperation with people willing to take part in the global clean up. We are here to help in this process and learn more together to achieve simple real-world application of the disclosed decontamination process.

Knowledge gained

[…] The conclusion from the development of new materials and their use in the contaminated environment of Fukushima and any other reactive environment, like a nuclear waste disposal and storage is as follows:

1. All radioactive contaminated environments and materials can be made fully and permanently radiation safe.

2. The new process of decontamination can bring about new opportunities to convert the radioactive materials to useful and applicable materials, which can be used for scientific development, agricultural use, and energy production for conversion of matters.

3. These tests have shown without a shadow of a doubt that the Japanese Fukushima disaster of 2011 can be used to the advantage of the nation and not as it looks, as a disadvantage and a financial burden.

4. All underground storage facilities and nuclear waste problems of today can be solved with little effort and little cost by the use of these new materials, and there is no need for these heavy radioactive materials to be kept in storage for hundreds of years for them to be less radioactive, now one can safely use the by-products of decontamination for the production and their use in agriculture and material production rather than wasting money to store them for years on end.

5. The test shows clearly that The Fukushima plants we use for the production of plutonium. As a nuclear engineer and being involved in the promotion of peace, I see this as unacceptable and against the present agreed international laws of the proliferation of the UN charter. These tests have shown a new and brighter life for humanity and hopefully, as a race, we become stronger with the gained knowledge. […]


Food and Agriculture

Plasma in Agriculture: Cultivation of corn for experimental purposes 

Calarasi county, Romania, June - August 2018 by Barbu Constantin, Scientific Association Plasma Romania

Keywords: increased harvest, CO2, CuO, CH3, liquid plasma irrigation.

Published: November 2018.


In June 2018, two fields of corn were sown at a distance of 50 meters from each other. One was the control group with no plasma treatment, the other one was subject to plasma technology. The results of this experiment are presented herein.

Figure 1. Jar with CO2 GANS, irrigation system, corn, and pepper.


In this experiment, the plasma technology was applied to the cornfield. Prior to sowing, three, 400ml jars of CO2 GANS and liquid plasma (10ml of GANS, topped up with spring water as in Figure 1) were placed into the ground in a geometric triangle formation, 3 meters apart, with the intention of feeding the plants. 

The subject corn culture, together with the control group, were watered with spring water via a drip irrigation system. Twice a week, the experimental group was additionally watered with liquid plasma mixed with spring water, following this schedule: 

  • Day 1: 250ml of liquid plasma (10% CO2, 90% ZnO) mixed with 5 liters of spring water,
  • Day 2: 250ml of liquid plasma (80% CO2, 20% CH3) mixed with 5 liters of spring water,

The above schedule was repeated on a weekly basis until harvest.


The nano-coated copper material for the GANS production was prepared following the caustic soda method with an addition of potassium hydroxide (laboratory procedure for 23 days).

The GANS production boxes were made in a classical way, with the green led connection between the plates and 10% NaCl distilled water solution. The complete procedures for Nano-coating the copper and GANS production is available on in any language.



The color of the corn plant is intense green, and the color of corn without plasma is more green-yellow (Figure 2). The height of the corn watered with liquid plasma is about 3 meters, and the corn watered with the spring water only is about 1.5 meters. Differences in the size of the cob are also noticeable, where the plasma-fed ones are longer and thicker. Owners of the field said that they never had such a high corn in their garden and all the crops that were planted alongside the corn have grown bigger and with a healthy color.


Special thanks go to Mr. Keshe for teaching us this beautiful knowledge and to my parents who tested the plasma technology on their own cornfields.

Original submission (text and pictures):

Plasma Applications in Agriculture 

By Gatua Wa Mbugwa, Ph.D., August 14th, 2017   

Keywords: GANS irrigation, oats, medicago rigidula, plants, CO2, diseases, pests.

Published: September 2018.  

Pre-sowing Seed Soaking

Pre-sowing seed soaking in CO2 GANS liquid plasma decontaminates and restores vitality to adulterated or disease infected seeds, thus ensuring healthy and faster-growing crops.

Irrigation of field crops with CO2 GANS liquid plasma

In the field, irrigation of plants with CO2 GANS liquid plasma virtually eliminates the need for fertilizers and pesticides. In addition to CO2 GANS liquid plasma, CH3 and ZnO GANS liquid plasmas also enhance the growth of crops. CH3 liquid plasma enhances crop growth by giving energy while ZnO liquid plasma enhances plant emotions and crop health. Various researches have shown faster, healthier, and early maturity of crops whose seeds were soaked in CO2 liquid plasma. Further, crops that were soaked before sowing and subsequently irrigated with CO2 liquid plasma alone or in combinations with either CH3, ZnO, or both CH3 and ZnO GANS liquid plasmas consistently showed significantly faster growth, early maturity, and increased health.

Relative growth of Oats: Oats plants irrigated with H2O (left) and oats plants irrigated with CO2 GANS liquid plasma (right) – seeds of the two treatments were soaked for 3 hours before sowing in water (left) and in CO2 GANS liquid plasma (right). Both crops were sown on 5/21/17, and the pictures were taken on 8/6/17.

Magnetic gravitational fields effects of CO2 GANS liquid plasma on plant growth 

Research on the effects of magnetic gravitational fields of various liquid plasmas has shown improved growth, early maturity, and improved health similar to that shown by CO2 GANS liquid plasmas. In Kenya, oats plants that were exposed to fields of bottled CO2 liquid plasma grew faster, matured earlier, were healthier, and had a darker green color than oat plants that were not exposed to CO2 liquid plasma magnetic gravitational fields.

Effects of CO2 GANS magnetic gravitational fields on growth of oats: Oats seeds were soaked for 3 hours before sowing on 2/28/17. These pictures were taken on 3/25/17 (left), and 8/6/17 (right).    

Changes to soil pH with CO2 liquid plasma enhances crop adaptation and growth

Irrigation of crops with CO2 GANS liquid plasma increases alkalinity in soils resulting in increased soil pH. Increased soil pH, in turn, supports the growth of plants that are usually well suited for alkaline soils in areas with acidic soils. An ongoing study in an area with acidic soils in Kenya has shown vigorous growth and successful seeding of Medicago rigidula plants. Medicago rigidula usually grows in Mediterranean type climates that have alkaline soils. 

Vigorously growing Medicago rigidula plants with seed pods in Kenya. Plants were sown on 1/27/17, and the picture was taken on 8/10/17.

Effects of CO2 GANS on crop diseases and pests

For plant diseases, CO2 GANS liquid plasma creates conditions in the plant environment under which those diseases cannot exist. For example, CO2 GANS patches have been successfully used against diseases as well as plants’ physical injuries. For crop pests, application of CO2 GANS liquid plasma creates conditions under which the pests do not damage crops. In addition, pests also absorb the energy of the applied CO2 GANS liquid plasma. Such pests have little or no need of feeding on the crops, thus the application of CO2 GANS liquid plasma creates conditions that benefit both the crops and their erstwhile pests.

Effects of CO2 liquid plasma on crops and the environment

CO2 GANS are increasingly used to transform agriculture and environmental management practices across the world. While CO2 GANS liquid plasma is now widely used to decontaminate seeds and for irrigating field crops, it has also been shown to clean the environment in new ways. A study in a hydroponic farm in Australia found that bottles with CO2 GANS liquid plasma that were placed in pipes channeling chemical nutrients for plants attracted and held the smell of the chemicals within, and thus cleaned the crop environment. The smell was only noticed when the CO2 liquid plasma bottles were opened, showing that CO2 GANS liquid plasma has great potential for environmental clean-up for not only crop environments but also for polluted cities and other such environments.

Effects of Co2, CH3 and CuO Liguid Plasmas on Early Seedling Growth of Oats and Maize

By Gatua Wa Mbugwa, Ph.D. May – June 201

Keywords: liquid plasma, plants, CO2, CH3, CuO, seed germination.

Published: September 2018.  


Liquid plasma experiments conducted in Kenya in May and June 2016. These experiments assessed oats (Avena sativa) and maize (Zea mays) percent seed germination and early seedling growth.


Experiment 1. Oats: H20 and CO2 liquid plasma 

Experiment 2. Oats and Maize: H20 and CO2 liquid plasma 

Experiment 3. Oats: H20, CO2 CH3, and CUO2 liquid plasmas 

All experiments took 21 days from sowing to data collection.

Seed Germination Method 

Experimental seeds were set in paper plates (exp. 1) and in plastic containers (exp. 2 & 3) and irrigated with their respective treatments (H2O or one of the thee liquid plasmas). Irrigation was 10 to 20 ml of the substrate using a plastic syringe, which was continued as needed until DODC.

Experimental Design 

Treatments were assigned in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Treatments were replicated 4 times

Data Collection 

Germinated seeds in each experiment were counted to determine relative % germination rates for the experiments. Further, shoots and roots of experimental seedlings were measured, and their lengths compared to determine their relative early growth. 

For shoots and roots length, means of all 4 replicates in each experiment were calculated and are presented as the results of the three experiments.

From left: A) Experiment 1: Oats; B) Experiment 2: Sowing of Maize Seeds; C) Experiment 2: Oats and Maize Seedlings; D) Experiment 3: CO2, CH3, and CuO2 GANS

Experimental Results

Results for Experiment 1: Oats (Avena sativa). H2O and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments. 


No significant differences in relative shoots and roots length between H2O and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments.

Results for Experiment 2: Oats (Avena sativa) and Maize (Zea mays) with H20 and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments. 


No significant differences in relative shoots and roots length between H2O and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments.

Results for Experiment 2: Oats (Avena sativa) and Maize (Zea mays) with H20 and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments.  


No significant differences in relative shoots and roots length between H2O and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments. 

Results for Experiment 3: Oats (Avena sativa) with H2O, CO2, CH3, and CuO2 LP treatments  


Significant differences in shoots and roots length between H2O and CO2 Liquid Plasma treatments. 

No significant differences in relative shoots and roots length between H2O and CuO Liquid Plasma treatments.

Significant differences in shoots and roots length between H2O and CH3 Liquid Plasma treatments. 

Experimental Results

Percent germination 

Exp. 1 Oats: H2O (100%) CO2 LP (100%) 

Exp. 2 Oats: H2O (87.5%) CO2 LP (87.5%) 

Exp. 2 Maize: H2O (75%) CO2 LP (75%) 

No significant differences in seed % germination between H2O and LP treatments within experiments 1 & 2 

Percent germination 

Exp. 3: Oats: H2O (65%) CO2 LP (85%) 

Exp. 3: Oats: H2O (63%) CH3 LP (80%) 

Exp. 3: Oats: H2O (68%) CuO2 LP (65%) 

Significant differences in seed % germination between H2O and LP treatments within CO2 and CH3 treatments in experiment 3.

Summary of Experimental Results 

There were no significant differences in both % seed germination and seedling growth in experiment 1 and 2.

In experiment 3, CO2 and CH3 LP treatments showed superior % seed germination and superior mean seedling growth for both shoots and roots, while CuO2 treatment did not show any significant differences.

Discussion and Conclusion 

It was generally noted that while experiment one had 100% germination rate, both experiment 2 and 3 recorded lower seed germination rates of approximately 80% and 70% for experiments 2 and 3 respectively. 

This poor germination rate may have adversely affected mean seedling length in Exp. 2 & 3. It was further noted that the 100% germination occurred in experiment 1, where seeds were sown in open (flat) paper plates. 

The seeds sown in plastic containers in exp. 2 and 3 may have reduced their germination rate to avoid overcrowding in their containers, indicating that plants intelligently adapt to environmental conditions.

Family and Relationships

Emotions and Soul

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